Nuts and bolts
How much concrete was used building the Allianz Arena? What pressure does it take to inflate the panels? How big are the showers? Here you can find all the official statistics from A to Z about the Allianz Arena. A real tresure trove for statisticians, construction experts and those who might want to be.
Stadium and Esplanade structure
- Concrete used in stadium: approx. 120,000 m3
- Steel used in stadium: approx. 22,000 t
- Foundations: 180 t, size of a family house, loading up to 1,500 t
- 350 inclined supporting pillars, 50 to each level
- Supporting pillars (cross-section: 65 cm, length: 6 m) have maximum bearing load of 10,000 kN (~1,000 t)
- 8 stairwells, 15 cascade stairways at intervals of 45 m
- External façade (under inflated panels):
- Area: approx. 12,000 m², glazed area: approx. 5,000 m²
- Internal façade (Business Club):
- Area. approx. 350 m², glazed area approx. 300 m²
- Executive boxes:
- Area: approx. 3,000 m2, glazed area: approx. 2,000 m2
- 2,446 pre-cast elements
- 3,985 stair elements laid on terraces
- 132, 000 drill holes for the 66,000 seats
- Esplanade (4 car parks each on 4 levels):
- Frame construction (supports and bracing beams)
- Floor area: 270,000 m²
- Concrete: 85.000 m³
- Steel: 14.000 t
- Structural steel: 1.400 t
- Promenade (asphalted main connecting level)
- Area: 28,000 m² floor area with 8,50 m ceilings
- 1,033 pre-cast sections on 128 pillars and 88 load bearing points
- External circumference: approx. 1,200 m
- 2,874 rhomboidal inflated ETFE foil panels form the 66,500 m² roof and façade
- Biggest membrane shell in the world
- Data on the ETFE foil (Ethylene Tetrafluoro-ethylene):
- Thickness: 0.2 mm
- Weight: 350 g/ m²
- Longitudinal/transverse tensile strength: 52/52 N/mm²
- Longitudinal/transverse tensile stress at 10% elongation: 21/21 N/mm²
- Longitudinal/transverse elongation at breaking point: 600/600 %
- UV permability: 95%
- Visible light permability: 93%
- Colour: transparent (roof area), translucent white (rest of façade)
- 1,380 non-standard panels:
- Total area: 7.6 to 40.7 m²
- Length: approx 3 to 10 m
- maximum width: 1.9 to approx. 4.6 m
- Maximum diagonal length: approx 17 m
- Fans keep the panels inflated at a constant pressure of 0.035 bar (maximum possible pressure 0.08 bar)
- In case of snowfall, 12 pressure-monitoring points ensure the correct pressure adjustments to allow for snow up to 1.6 m.
- Lifespan approx 25 years, non-flammable, exceptionally resistant to heat and cold, self-cleans with rain
- 19 panels at the 51.41 m level can be opened to ensure proper ventilation.
- Each of these special hydraulic panels can carry up to 8 t and has a wind pressure resistance of 22 t
- The panels are non-loadbearing
Allianz Arena LED display
Specifically lit display of Allianz Arena logo: LEDs
- Blue LEDs, 40mm interval, 44,100 LEDs per unit, LED type NSPB 520 S
- White LEDs, 25mm interval, 111,300 LEDs per unit, LED type NSPW 510 BS
- Total of 155,400 LEDs per logo:
- Can be dimmed via potentiometer
- Insertion of converters
- Blue and white LEDs can be dimmed separately in each logo
- Colour of lights (combination with façade) controlled in technical centre
Technical description of letters
- Profile 4mm thick, 2mm aluminium foil and painted with double component paint
- Depth of letters: 25cm, total height 4m
- Length of Allianz Arena logo: 39.83m
- Total weight of letters: approx. 2,500kg
Supports, steel constructs
- Steel frame h = 3.8m/5m per letter to support and reinforce the zinc-coated construction
- Total weight of steel construct: approx. 2,750kg
The installation of the new LED lighting on the façade began in October 2014. It took around 100 days to install. This system makes the Allianz Arena Germany’s first and Europe’s biggest stadium with surrounding outdoor LED lighting for dynamic lighting moods. 1,506 of the 2,760 panels illuminate when the lighting is active. This means an area of 26,000 m² of lit up outer-material is visible to fans and passers-by, an area equal to that of three and a half professional football pitches. Instead of the mere three colours (red, blue and white) that the old system produced, the new lighting system produces up to 16 million different colours enabling the finest colour nuances and combinations.
- Concealed behind the highly homogeneous and plastic appearance, are more than 300,000 LED lights on around 6,500 Philips ColorGraze lights. In each air cushion there are approximately 285 LEDs mounted onto seven to eight lights.
- A total of 45 tons of material have been installed, including lights, several hundred control components ("Data Enabler") and more than 5,000 metres of network cable. The total weight is equivalent to that of over 100,000 footballs.
- Austrian mountaineers mounted the LED lights and system components at heights of up to 25 meters. The installation was carried out in sections of four rhomboid panels in width to eleven panels in height. 250 lights are delivered and installed every week.
- The individual components and their mounting hardware were assembled in the Allianz Arena, raised to mounting height and then put in place by façade climbers and networked with the surrounding elements.
- Getting the precise alignment of the ColorGraze bars onto the sometimes differently shaped rhomboid panels was only possible with a specially manufactured, saber-tooth shaped mounting device.
- The lights are equipped with special optics and mounted on the underside of the panels. The lenses are customized to scatter the light onto the surface of the rhomboids.
- The modifications team included a lighting designer, product and software developers as well as architects, electrical engineers, façade climbers and fitters.
- The previous lighting system used analog technology with conventional fluorescent lighting. Philips replaced this technology with a fully digital system, consisting of digital lights (LED) networked with intelligent control system software.
- Philips used ColorGraze Powercore MX4 lights with a range of different optics. When lined up they are equivalent to a distance of around 7.5 kilometers. Philips has already fitted over 200 kilometers of these lights worldwide.
- The lifespan of the LEDs averages around 80,000 hours, which is equal to the duration of approximately 53,000 league matches (excluding extra-time). This hugely reduces the maintenance costs.
- The new Philips lighting is 60% more energy efficient than the previous technology used. Per year this saves us approximately 100,000 kilowatts of electricity and our CO2 usage has been cut by 362 tons.
- The lighting system is very robust. It can withstand the most adverse weather conditions with temperatures as low at -50 degrees Celsius while in operation, and -80 degrees Celsius when idle.
- Philips ColorKinetics are developing systems based on the technology used in the Allianz Arena in architectural landmarks all around the globe. These include the Empire State Building in New York, the London Eye, the Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul and the Gateway of India in Mumbai.
Digital Control and Maintenance Platform
- The digital control can control more than 300,000 points of light in 16 million colours. Even the finest nuances, intensities and gradients are possible. Image repetition rates guarantee fluid moving sequences of up to 40 frames per second.
- Philips ActiveSite facilitates the operation as well as the monitoring and maintenance of the system. The cloud-based platform provides a central cockpit for an overview of the main functions.
- The content management system facilitates the design and control of content. In addition, it provides comprehensive tools for analysis and maintenance: from hardware management through integrated real time reports and e-mail notifications to the detailed system diagnostics.
- The Swiss architectural firm Herzog & de Meuron developed the curatorial concepts for the new lighting. They were also responsible for the architecture of the Allianz Arena. The colour dynamics put emphasis on stillness and elegance and awaken, in addition to the static illuminations, a direct association with football.
- On non-match days, elegant colour dynamics in red, white and blue are planned. To this end, Herzog & de Meuron has designed twelve dynamic transition scenarios that can be classified into four categories: form-based waves, pixel-based clouds, column-based gradients as well as line-based rounds.
- Different lighting scenarios are possible and can be changed depending on the activity in the stadium: on non-match evenings standard dynamic lighting is planned whereas for home and away matches a concept of static illuminations is used and for special events the lighting is a custom designed program.
- The architecture of the Allianz Arena is unique worldwide. Its facade consists of the largest membrane shell in the world. It is about 35 metres high and has an outside surface area of 29,000 m². The Allianz Arena celebrates its tenth anniversary in 2015.
- Total area: 38.000 m²
- Primary roof structure (60%):
- 48 radial main beams, approx 65 m long and weighing up to 106 t
- Total of 5,300 t S355 steel
- Secondary roof structure (cross beams, 40%)
- Forms a rhomboidal ‘steel net’ within which the panels are supported
- In the form of rectangular tubing 180 mm x 180 mm x 5-16 mm
- Total of 3,400 t S355 steel
- 50 m high free floating construction
- Maximum load bearing stress, own weight plus full load of snow at centre: 5,000 kN (~ 500 t)
- Maximum load bearing stress at edge: 3,300 kN (~ 300 t)
- Deflection under load at edge with full snow load and wind: 55 cm
- Roof panels have a transparent inner surface
- Retractable internal roof (blind and theatre usage) opened and closed by 51 electric motors
- Size: 68 m x 105 m net and 72 m x 111 m gross - Total height: 8,000 m² - Pitch: 0.5% incline towards the middle
- Natural grass: approx. 650 rolls of 1.20 m x 10 m; 38 mm dicksode; 800 kg per piece of lawn
- Building area: 4,500 m³ of antifreeze gravel was piled up for leveling out the area
- Base: 10 cm drainage layer (sand) - heating pipes - 13 cm lower turf support layer - 9 cm upper turf support layer
- Drainage: 14 drainage pipes each 111 m, 100 mm diameter, 2 km length
- Heating: Hoses 3.2 cm height and 27 km length, 3 insulated pipes attached to a distributor, temperature can be manually and automatically controlled (35 to max 50 degrees Celsius), 1 bar pressure
Hydraulic Pitch Entrance
- Arched zinc galvanised steel construction
- Operation: toggle lever mechanism – Opening travel: 2,300 mm in 11 seconds
- Width at Pitch: 2.50 m
- Height at Pitch: 2.10 m
- Controlled by ‘dead mans handle’ and warning lights in players tunnel
- Additional: emergency exits (swing door) and buffers
- Dressing rooms: 65.5 m²
- Massage room: 40.5 m²
- Medical treatment room: 21 m²
- Equipment room: 4.7 m²
- Baths: 2.08 m x 5.16 m x 1 m
- Warm-up area: approx. 110 m2
- Showers: 22 m²
- Coaches' dressing rooms: 40 m²
- Number of lockers: 22
- Number of showers: 12
Media and executive boxes
- 106 boxes of varying sizes (up to 32 seats ; altogether 1374 seats )
- Television coverage of “Fan-TV”
- Up-to-date match statistics for every game
- Arena data(e.g. lawn temperature etc.)
- Wireless and telephone access points
- Seats for the press (lower tier) and 350 in the “press-club”
- 5 TV-studios in media area
- Wireless and phone access throughout (including Mixed Zone and tunnel)
- During “Bundesliga”-matches press located at 176 seats (table), 98 (no table) and 90 commentator seats
- During the World Cup 2006: 1,000 (table) , 1,000 (no table) in lower tier ; 600 commentator seats in upper tier
Stadium Access and the ArenaCard
- Five entrance areas on level 2 ( 4 in the south and 1 in the north )
- 54 ticket counters ( 48 ticket-canyons in the south and 6 in the north ), marked with balloons
- 130 turnstiles and card-readers, including 20 VIP turnstiles and disabled access points
- 80 hand-held card readers
- Cashless payment system integral to each individual ticket
- ArenaCard used for shops, catering and parking
- 54 ticket counters in the ticket-canyons, over 200 ticket counters in the stadium
- 30 ArenaCard top-up points
- Approx.150 roving sales assistants
IT Network and Telephony
- Double safety feed connected to different access points (normal access plus back-up access)
- Network access up to 99.99 % (FIFA requirement) = 52 minutes downtime/year
- One netwoerk for all services (telephone, server, video etc.)
- 6,000 ports in the network
- Redundant (high availabaility) cabling
- Triple structure (primary, secondary and tertiary)
- Network access up to 99.99 % (FIFA requirement) = 6 minutes downtime/year
- All services via cable access
- Permanent cabling throughout
- Two distributor areas (al with back-up) in the Arena East and West
- Services available vie the Arena network:
- Voice over IP telephony
- Ticket counter system & cashless system
- Stadium access and ticketing
- Car parking
- Video and in house technology
- Other IP services for box holders and third parties
- Almost total WiFi coverage with standards a/b/g
- Centred behind each goal, 10° forward inclination, 40° rear
- 126 120x120 cm modules + 18 120x80 cm modules
- Total: 144 LED front modules per wall, 5500 cd/m2
- Viewing angle: horizontal 140°, vertical 120°
- Internal 16 bit colour depth
- Total weight 18 tonnes
- Main screens: 198.72 m2 (21.6 x 9.20 m = 198.72 m2)
- Rear screens: 36.8 m2 (9.20 x 4.00 m)
- Pixel pitch: 6 mm (previously 25 mm)
- Technology: SMD
- Resolution: 3240 x 1380
- Total pixels: 4,471,200 (previously 147,456)
- System: digital networked signal processors
- Remote controlled and monitored high-power amplifier
- Specially manufactured Electro-Voice loudspeaker system
- Loudspeakers mounted in colour matched steel frames at 42 m
- 24 loudspeaker clusters, 6 speakers per cluster and 10 further individually mounted units
- 154 units including 72 sub-woofers
- Each cluster weighs around 1 t
- Operation: Remote amplifier (Electro-Voice) in 14 switch cabinets in stadium roof
- Total amplifier output: approx. 158,000 W
- Individual climate control, monitoring and surge protection in all cabinets
- Each cabinet has an automatic fire-extinguishing system
- ProMatrix System control technology from Dynacord
- High-powered amplifiers in 7 technical control centres with a total output of approx. 129,000 W
- Main control centre on Level 7, 21 control centre stations
- 21 control centre stations linked by a fibre-optic network with multiple redundancy
- 296 LED high brightness floodlights at a height of 45 m; Technology of FC Bayern partner Philips.
- Total power: 435,416 Watt; 1,471 Watt (163.483 Im) per spotlight
- Illuminance: 2,500 Lux (before 1,400 Lux)
- The light output (luminance) of the construction equates a effort of ca. 121,064 40-watt light bulbs
- The overall performance of the flood-lighting equates a effort of ca. 10,885 40-watt light bulbs
- 10 cross-beams with catwalks + additional 8 under the roof with integrated entertainment lightning.
- Available power: 12 MW from two separate sub-stations
- Additional battery storage for all safety, sound and control systems
- Power and data distribution: approx. 4,000,000 cables
- Switching cabinets: assembled at approx. 750 m
- Total of approx. 68,000 lighting units provide atmosphere and safety
- Main system: further approx. 20,000 centrally controlled data points (nodes)
Heating, Air-conditioning, Ventilation, Sanitation (HKLS)
- Number of ventilation units: 110
- Air replacement in car park: 5.4 million m³/h
- Air replacement in stadium: 1.3 million m³/h (max. 1.7 million)
- HKLS control: 7,000 data points monitored by control centre
- Cooling capacity: 3.2 MW provided by 1,000 PKW air-conditioning system
- Heating capacity: 5.2 MW, i.e. as much as 500 family houses
- 35,000 m C-steel duct (DN 350)
- 3,600 m NIRO ducts
- 36,000 m additional cast, composite, synthetic and other ducts.
- 100,000 m³ square sheet conduits
- 10,000 m round sheet conduits
Fire Prevention and Safety
- 22,000 sprinklers
- 300 dry/wet risers
- 4,600 fire detectors
- Approx. 35,000 linear fire detectors
- Alarm system: 6,200 loudspeakers
- Access system: 110 turnstiles, fixed and mobile card readers
- Surveillance system: 90 recording cameras providing court-admissible footage
- Data transport: approx. 800,000 m fibre optic cable
Service for Handicapped persons
- 130 parking spaces for people with disabilities are located on level 3 of garage P1. (Approaching P1 from the public roads is signed) and these parking spaces are closest to the Arena. From this point wheelchair users have unhindered access to their viewing position
- With the relevant organisers permission wheelchair users may make use of disabled access to staircases TK 2 and TK 3 (access via S0/S1). Lifts available here for Promenade level 2. Special buses available for the return journey.
- People with severe disabilities are transferred to elevators on level 0 (taking them to their seats) by special-purpose vehicles.
- Whether a disabled person ID is sufficient and whether people with disabilities can park free of charge has yet to be resolved
- There is also an unhindered route from the underground station to the Arena. A shuttle service from the the Fröttmaning underground station to the stadium will not be in place at the start of the season in August 2005. Approximately 400 superior seats have been allocated for about 200 wheelchair users and their companions on the long sides of the Arena on the top rows of the lower tier, allowing room for manoeuvring wheelchairs.
- The entire level 2 can also be declared as “barrier-less” for people with disabilities. This level includes kiosks, support services for handicapped people and specially equipped toilets. Specially reserved lifts are available for changing levels in the North and South stands
- Since the start of the 2005/2006 Bundesliga season mobile headsets with play comments for blind persons are available
20 pairs of subtitle glasses available to people with impaired hearing. A specially developed smartphone app uses Bluetooth to transmit the stadium commentary to the augmented reality glasses as live subtitles. The text appears in the lower visual field of the glasses.
The Allianz Arena has more than 25 disabled toilets, including 16 on Level 2, and one toilet for the severely disabled, equipped with a special lifter.
Disabled Tours for individual visitors start at 14.00 (2 pm) on Thursdays and Sundays when there is no match.